If your dog has an episode of epistaxis, or in layman’s terms a nosebleed, this could be due to many things. Often the cause is either blunt trauma to the nose or a bacterial or fungal infection of the upper airways and nasal cavity. If it persists it is best to take your dog to your vet for further tests as the cause could be something more serious. Any condition that decreases the blood’s ability to clot can result in a nosebleed. This includes liver disease, tick-borne diseases like ehrlichiosis and some cancers, to name a few. If your dog happens to sniff a grass seed or any other foreign body up his nose by accident, his nose might come off second best.
You can attempt first-aid at home. Firstly, keep your dog calm. Secondly, try to place some ice wrapped in a damp cloth over the bridge of his nose. This will decrease the blood pressure and help constrict the blood vessels in the nose to hopefully stop the nosebleed. If it persists you should definitely pay your vet a visit so that the necessary tests can be done and correct treatment be given.
Dr Kristen Lachenicht, veterinarian