cheap mlb jerseys Hold the trimmers in one hand and the cat's paw in the other.In this instructable I'm going to cover how to trim your cat's claws safely and easily. wholesale nba jerseys "Also, to reduce the time of exposure, we recommend that those wearing heels be aware of how often and for how long they wear them.". To do so, just run the scarf through each of your belt loops like a belt, and continue until you have reached the front belt loops. American world number three Stacy Lewis, Yokohama Tire LPGA Classic champion in 2012 and a runner up last year, launches her bid for a first LPGA victory in 14 months in the opening round at the Robert Trent Jones Trail. wholesale jerseys As much as I like Lyon he isn't a destroyer like Warne or Murali (who is?) and Ali is much worse than Lyon. wholesale jerseys The Los Angeles Lakers have been looking to add young veterans to pair with Kobe Bryant and might be willing to move down a few spots to get one.

cheap Super Bowl jerseys

The doctor after seeing me said that he had read my story in newspapers and did not charge a penny as fees as a mark of respect. Talking about hockey, not the NBA.. dallascowboysjerseyspop Hi every one do u ever play cricket.

cheap Super Bowl jerseys

CW is a joint venture of Warner Bros. cheap nba jerseys I'm almost certain that you will hate the taste of this drink and vomited every time you take it.. wholesale nfl jerseys As I headed for the hospital, a small section of my mind allowed in the most terrible thought. wholesale nfl jerseys Bresnan defiantly pulls Steyn for six off ball four and then inside edges down to fine leg for another boundary. With the introduction of the new P90X Plus (P90X+) we've been very excited to kick things off! What you may be surprised to find out is just how much has gone into the new system, In fact, even the music that's been created for P90X Plus is top notch. wholesale jerseys Replace lid and pulse 5 times. wholesale jerseys Toss in the green onions, garlic, ginger, onion, and peppercorns. I know it's not easy, but I think we can do it. cheap jerseys For example, in addition to the disclosed pay the UFC also reward athletes with undisclosed locker room bonuses. We then set up to put together a value proposition with our lean canvas. My mom didn dwell on the color of our skin, but rather the integrity of the person. Serayah: Lots and lots of shredded paper2. This is helpful to many weekend golfers who have average swing speeds and want to gain carry distance on their drives. cheap mlb jerseys Once you have your fully supported barrel, and guide rod and spring assembly, simply assemble them as necessary, and drop them into your Glock, and viola, you can now shoot .45 Super cartridges. Want to watch Satellite TV programs for everyone? Make DISH Network English packages your favorite halt on television. Things were not looking good for Jordan. AccessoriesIn Italy, accessories are popular. wholesale mlb jerseys For the outdoor wedding theme, the wedding shoes can be casual.. If it does not eat, it will die. cheap nfl jerseys This article lists some of the strategies that have worked for me and keep others happy as well. More than any cricketer in the world, Tendulkar embodies the modern batsman because of his absolute mastery of the two main forms of the game.

Q & A: What causes laminitis in ponies and how can it be prevented and treated?

Q & A: What causes laminitis in ponies and how can it be prevented and treated? Q & A: What causes laminitis in ponies and how can it be prevented and treated? Vet

Q. What causes laminitis in ponies and how can it be prevented and treated?

Laminitis is one of the most painful, crippling diseases of horses, ponies and donkeys. It is inflammation of the tissues that bond the hoof wall to the pedal bone in the horse’s hoof. Laminitis weakens the attachment of the pedal bone inside the hoof capsule, and can result in sinking or rotation of the pedal bone within the hoof. This involves painful tearing of the support structure suspending the pedal bone. Severe laminitis may necessitate humane euthanasia of an affected horse to alleviate suffering.

Laminitis can be diagnosed on clinical signs, and a history of a predisposing event. Most laminitic horses have a typical stance, with their front legs angled forwards and their back legs held underneath the body. This stance takes weight off the toe area, which is usually the most painful and shifts weight to the heels. Laminitic horses usually have hot feet, with a bounding digital pulse, and they are reluctant to walk or pick up their feet. Pain is usually more evident in the front feet. Diagnosis of sinking and rotation is made on radiographs of the feet.

The most common causes of laminitis are grain or lush pasture overload; sequel to infection (for example, a retained placenta, severe enteritis or pneumonia); equine Cushing’s disease or equine metabolic syndrome.

Prevention of laminitis centres on timeous management of the predisposing conditions, particularly Cushing’s disease and equine metabolic syndrome. Both of these conditions are best handled by managing body weight in the affected individuals and maintaining a suitable body condition score. Cushing’s disease can be treated with medication (Pergolide is the drug of choice), but ponies affected by equine metabolic syndrome benefit most from frequent, low-level exercise (unless they already have laminitis) and elimination of high carbohydrate feeds from the diet. Hoof care is very important in predisposed ponies – radiographs of the feet will reveal the position of the pedal bone, and allow the farrier to trim and shoe the foot optimally. It is vital to maintain the normal anatomical position of the pedal bone within the hoof capsule.

Acute laminitis treatment centers on the causative event, for example severe infection or endocrine disorder. While this is being addressed, certain empirical measures can be taken to minimise the risk of laminitis. These include anti-inflammatory drugs like Finadyne or Phenylbutazone, vasodilators like Acepromazine, icing of the foot (special freezable boots), reduction of exercise, and housing in a stall with deep bedding or soft sand. Soft sand allows the horse to angle his pedal bone in the most comfortable position. Polystyrene pads applied to the sole, and reverse shoes can help to redistribute weight off the painful toe. Concentrates are forbidden at this stage.

Dr Robin J. Moore, BVSc, Drakenstein Veterinary Clinic

 

Q. I’ve heard that you should always put some egg shells in your parrot’s cage as parrots Q & A: What causes laminitis in ponies and how can it be prevented and treated? Q & A: What causes laminitis in ponies and how can it be prevented and treated? Vetbenefit from chewing on and eating egg shells. What do you recommend?

A. Egg shells are recommended as they contain calcium carbonate, a good source of necessary calcium in the diet. Cuttlefish bones can also be used. If egg shells are used they should be thoroughly boiled first. If the bird is on a good diet of proper pellets, fruit and greens with a little seed, no extra supplements are necessary.

Dr Dorianne Elliott, head veterinarian, Bird and Exotic Animal Hospital, Onderstepoort Veterinary Academic Hospital

 


x

Check Also

10 Cool things about the kangaroo

1.Say what? There are actually a few different kinds of kangaroos in Australia, ranging from the popular grey kangaroos of the east and west, to the lesser-known antilopine kangaroo of the north. Interestingly enough, grey kangaroos can live up to 18 years, although some kangaroos have been found to live up to 20 years. Kangaroos in captivity usually have a lifespan of about 23 years.