Interesting facts about penguins

Penguins are super cute when they walk on the beach. Let’s find out more about this animal.

  • There are 18 different penguin species in the world.
  • All penguins are found in the southern hemisphere, except for the Galapagos penguin.
  • The African penguin is also known as the jackass penguin.
  • The penguin isn’t ‘dressed’ in black and white for no reason – it’s part of his camouflage. If he is spotted from above, he blends in with the dark sea below him, and if he is spotted from below, he is camouflaged by the bright sky above him.
  • The penguin is technically a bird and is covered with feathers.
  • According to the Guinness World Records, the smallest species of penguin is the little blue (fairy) penguin. This little bird is smaller than 40cm, with an average length of between 30 and 35cm – the length of a standard ruler – and he weighs less than 1kg.
  • Apparently, this penguin’s lifespan is only six years.
  • He can be found on the coastline of Australia and New Zealand, so you’ll have to travel if you want to see one.
  • Yes, the penguin is a bird. And yes, he has wings, but he cannot fly. His wings are well developed to swim underwater, and penguins can swim rather fast. With an average speed of 6-9km/h, the penguin is almost as fast as the current swimming record of about 9.6km/h.
  • If you can get close to a penguin, you’ll notice that he doesn’t have fur, but rather feathers that are short and broad. Adult penguins’ feathers are coated in a waterproof oil produced by an adaptive gland, called the preen gland. A penguin has more feathers than most birds, which helps him to stay warm in cold temperatures.
  • The penguin has very interesting feet.
  • His webbed feet and short, strong legs help him to swim fast underwater.
  • You may ask why his feet don’t freeze or stick to the snow – the secret is that he can control the blood flow to different parts of his body and his feet, to keep them a few degrees warmer.


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